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膜拜 捐款600億美元的四位慈善大亨

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  Apple Chief Executive Tim Cook made headlines this year when he announced that he plans to give away the vast majority of his estimated $785million fortune.
  The head of the world’s largest technology corporation told Fortune magazine that he intends to donate all his money to charity, after paying for his ten-year-old nephew’s college education.
  But Cook is far from the only high-profile multimillionaire to show such generosity. Dozens of the world’s wealthiest men and woman have committed to donating the majority of their impressive fortunes to charity – either during their lifetime of in their will – through The Giving Pledge.
  Bill and Melinda Gates
  Co-founders of The Giving Pledge Bill and Melinda Gates set up the initiative in 2010 as a means to encourage the wealthiest families to make a moral commitment to devote at least 50 per cent of their fortune to philanthropy.
  According to Forbes, Microsoft founder Bill Gates’ net worth rose to a staggering $79.2 billion in 2015, making him the richest person in the world for the second consecutive year.
  But he was also the top charitable donor. The billionaire businessman and his wife invested a massive $1.5billion into the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, which is committed to tackling some of the world’s toughest problems .
  The donation brought Gate’s lifetime giving up to $29.5 billion, Forbes reported.
  The couple continue to devote most of their time to philanthropy through their foundation, with a focus on improving U.S. education and tackling extreme global poverty and health.
  In 2010, Gates made one of the largest single charitable donations ever when he committed $10billion to develop and distribute vaccines in the hope it will save the lives of more than eight million children in the world’s poorest countries.
  Warren Buffett
  Close friend of the Gates and Giving Pledge co-founder, Warren Buffett has made a public commitment to gradually give away more than 99 per cent of his wealth over his lifetime or in his will.
  With a net worth of $70.6 billion, the 84-year-old investment mogul is currently the third wealthiest person on the planet, according to Forbes.
  Known for his modest lifestyle – he still lives in the same Nebraska house he bought in 1958 – Buffett broke his own charitable giving record in July 2014.
  The philanthropist gave away $2.8billion in shares of his diversified holding company Berkshire Hathaway, bringing his lifetime giving up to a total of nearly $23billion.
  Some $2.1billion of the generous donation went to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, while the remainder was shared between four of his family’s charities.
  Mark Zuckerberg
  Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg was one of the earliest converts to the Giving Pledge, making the commitment when he was just 26.
  ‘People wait until late in their career to give back. But why wait when there is so much to be done?’ he said at the time.
  ‘With a generation of younger folks who have thrived on the success of their companies, there is a big opportunity for many of us to give back earlier in our lifetime and see the impact of our philanthropic efforts.’
  Now aged 30 and with a net wealth of $36.6billion, Zuckerberg is leading the pack of young philanthropists dedicated to using their wealth for charitable causes.
  In February, the entrepreneur committed $75million to a new trauma center at San Francisco General Hospital, and in October 2014 he pledged $25million to fight Ebola.
  Michael Bloomberg
  Along with running his financial news and information company Bloomberg LP, former New York mayor and business magnate Michael Bloomberg dedicates much of his time to philanthropy.
  He has already donated more than $1 billion to Johns Hopkins University, where he studied, and $100million to the Gates Foundation to help eradicate malaria and polio. Forbes places his total lifetime giving at $3.8billion.
  As one of the first signatories of the Giving Pledge in 2010, Bloomberg, now 73, spoke publicly about his choice not to leave his vast fortune to his two children.
  In his Pledge letter he writes: ‘If you want to do something for your children and show how much you love them, the single best thing – by far – is to support organizations that will create a better world for them and their children.
  ‘And by giving, we inspire others to give of themselves, whether their money or their time.’